To be in a position to write an impressive research paper, you should know the importance of each section of a typical research paper, together with the purpose and its contents. Researchers fail to distinguish the various sections of a research paper and fail to know if they serve distinct functions or are interchangeable.

This article enumerates the differences between commonly confusing sections and components of research papers.

Abstract Vs. Introduction

An abstract summarizes the entire research paper consisting of methodology, research findings or results, and conclusion. Abstract provides a sneak peek at the research. On the other hand, an introduction is the starting section for a research paper and provides context and background to the study.

Aim Vs. Objectives of a Research Paper

The aim of a research paper enumerates the outcome, which the study seeks to achieve. A broad statement encompasses the overall goals of the study. Objectives are specific steps with actions for achieving the aims. It lays down stages or milestones for the achievement of the goals.

Introduction Vs. Problem Statement

An introduction is the first section of a research paper, providing background and context to the study. The objective of the introduction is to engage readers and give critical background information. On the other hand, the problem statement is a section of the research proposal meant to attract funding.

Background of the Study Vs. Literature Review

The background of the study introduces the topic and sets the context for the research. The literature review provides an analysis of the literature of the research area.

Research Question Vs. Research Problem

A research problem is a broad challenge that the study will address. Research problems identify an area of concern, doubt, or difficulty that needs investigation and thought. On the other hand, the research question is a particular concern that the research will answer, usually derived from the research problem.

Research Methods Vs. Research Methodology

Research methodology encompasses a wide set of principles that assist researchers in selecting methods for doing experiments. Research methods are the procedures and techniques utilized in research work. Research methodology determines the types of research methods for a particular research experiment.

Results Vs. Discussions

Discussion and results are products to research findings. Results sections capture the findings of the study based on the selected research methods. Results include an explanation of research findings supported by figures or tables.

Legends Vs. Labels Vs. Figure Captions

In the results sections of a research paper, non-textual components like figures and tables illustrate the key findings of the research paper presented. Legends, labels, and captions identify and offer details on such illustrations. Captions are the headings for illustrations, tables, or figures. Legends are a description of tables or figures. Labels form part of the illustration or figure used for naming purposes.

Recommendations Vs. Implications Vs. Limitations for Future Research

Research recommendations, limitations, and implications are elements of the conclusion section that summarizes the key findings. Implications are conclusions drawn from the research project that suggest the usefulness of the findings. Limitations help readers to understand the context for interpreting the findings.

Bibliography Vs. Reference Vs. Citation

References and citations are useful in crediting authors of previous work, which your research has relied on. Make use of citation if you use exact ideas from other research work. Bibliography and references are a list at the end of a research paper or books for the sources that you relied upon in the research.

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